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RISE OF THE SAFAVI DYNASTY       251
mortalized in the odes of Horace.1 The Englishman
landed a little to the north of Baku, and, proceeding to
Shamakha, was fortunate enough to gain the friendship of
Abdulla Khan, Prince of Shirwan3who is described as "being
a prince of meane stature, and of a fierce countenance,
richly apparelled with long garments of silke, and cloth of
golde, imbroidered with pearles and stone : upon his
head was a tolipane (turban) with a sharpe end standing
upwards halfe a yard long ... and on the left side of
his tolipane stood a plume of fethers, set in a trunke of
gold richly inameled."
Taking leave of Abdulla Khan, Jenkinson travelled
to Ardebil, crossing the Kur and passing through "a
fruitfull countrey, inhabited with pasturing people, which
dwell in the Summer season upon mountaines, and in
Winter they remooue into valleys without resorting to
townes or any other habitation." At Ardebil he described
the " sumptuous sepulchre in a faire Meskit" or mosque,
of Ismail, the founder of the dynasty, but no details as
to his onward journey are given, except that he travelled
across mountains destitute of wood, and in the end reached
Kazvin, which was then the capital.
The Englishman's chances of success were much
diminished by the fact that Tahmasp was at this time
making arrangements to sell Bayazid to the Sultan.
Jenkinson, however, obtained an audience and "thus
comming before his maiestie with such reuerence as I
thought meete to bee vsed, I deliuered the Queenes
maiesties letters with my present, which he accepting,
demaunded of me of what countrey of Franks I was,
and what affaires I had there to do : vnto whom I
answered that I was of the famous Citie of London within
the noble realme of England, and that I was sent thither
from the most excellent and gracious soueraigne Ladie
Elizabeth, Queene of the sayd Realme, for to treate of
friendship, and free passage of our merchants and people,
1 Non semper imbres nubibus hispidos
Manant in agros, ant mare Caspium
Vexant inaequales procellae
Usque . . .
Book II. Ode ix.